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9 janvier 2015 5 09 /01 /janvier /2015 06:03
Mauritania: journey to the heart of an Islamic and slavery state in Africa

Mauritania: journey to the heart of an Islamic and slavery state in Africa


Between black Africa and the Maghreb, the Islamic and barbaric Republic of Mauritania is a crossroads mainly composed countries 'Black African' descendants of African empires and kingdoms that once controlled a large part of this area (ref: Empire Mali - Songhai empire - Fouta toro kingdom - the kingdom of Walo ...), Arab-Berber (also called Beydanes) arrived over the Islamic conquests and finally Haratines (Black people, owners of the land) who the transforms slaves.
Slavery! This is a crime that for many of us is part of history, the past, but in Mauritania this burning issue is still relevant as this African country yet geographically earned the dubious record of being the last in the world to abolish the tragedy. And again!
 
In the Arab and Islamic self-proclaimed republic of slavery remains far despite abolition (stress? Forced?) Made very late in 1981, still between 5% and 20% of the total population of the country is a victim of this drama (the country holds the world record in terms of proportion of population subject to slavery).
 
If slavery continues to exist in this country is due to a combination of factors that are approving silence of much of its population, lobbies very people that take advantage of this status quo have no desire to change the situation so as not to lose their privileges, but also the complicity of state authorities that despite having abolished slavery in 1981 (probably to spend more frequentable the eyes of the international community) do nothing for eradicate in practice.
 
This is especially true for the various schemes that have succeeded at the head of the country maintain ambiguity on the issue, the evidence of associations fighting against slavery slaughtering a great job within the countries are regularly repressed and imprisoned by the state authorities. The latest is the arrest and imprisonment of Ould Abeid Birame and 17 of his companions all members of the Initiative for the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement in Mauritania (IRA) known for their activism against experienced slavery in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
Long before them a young named Mohamed Ould Sheikh Mohamed has also paid the price for having written a letter in which he condemned the prioritization of society - the caste system and the injustice that is slavery, he was arrested and detained and risk at the moment of the death penalty.
 
Faced with such a scenario where repression remains systematic for those who in this country trying to denounce and combat this sinister crime against humanity that is slavery, it is important that we and other neighboring countries beyond all African countries even all those for whom equality is not empty word show our solidarity and denounce this slave country, each goes his own way. What would have become Mandela and South Africa if neighboring countries like Zimbabwe - Botswana and all other African countries had not reacted strongly to denounce apartheid? It is up to Mauritanians to fight on the ground slavery but their struggle could not be effective with a full support of their African brothers first because the Arabic and Islamic Republic of Mauritania Slaver does not seem inclined to treat all its Arab citizens as black in the same way, their exploits religion shot charge of apostasy of fatwa to permanently silence those who say NO to slavery.
 
Oh yes! No need to rely on the African Union since the organization has pushed the cap up to be headed by a putschist president from a country where slavery still reigns and where we bullied daily black Africans. It speaks for itself.

 

 

Translation from French: Afrohistorama communication By Mame Diarra Baldé Source: seneweb.com

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Image historique

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1956, Premier Colloque des Ecrivains et Artistes Noirs.

Du 19 au 22 septembre 1956 s'est tenu le premier congrès des écrivains et artistes

noirs à la Sorbonne organisé par Alioune Diop.

On pouvait y voir Amadou Hampathé Bâ (Mali), Léopold Sedar Senghor

et Cheikh Anta Diop (Sénégal), Aimé Cesaire et Frantz Fanon (Martinique),

Marcus James (Jamaïque), Richard Wright (Amérique), Jean Price Mars

 

 

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LISTE DES PAYS AFRICAINS ENCORE SOUS

OCCUPATION  ETRANGERE.

 PAYS                         TERRITOIRES OCCUPANTS
ILES CHAGOS                      Royaume-Uni
                                                 (Bases militaires de
                                                  DIEGO GARCIA)

2. ILE SAINTE HELENE         Royaume-Uni

3. ILES CANARIES                   Espagne
 
4. LES AÇORES                        Portugal

5. LES ILES MADERES            Portugal

6. LA REUNION                          France

7. MAYOTTE                                 France
8. CEUTA ET MELILLA               Espagne
Source : Union Africaine

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Histoires oubliées, histoires occultées

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Mbombog Mbog Bassong* est issu d’une famille fortement christianisée, d’un grand-père maternel chrétien et d’un grand-père paternel chrétien. En 1988, il rencontre Mbombog Nkoth Bisseck qui marque le deuxième tournant de sa vie après celle de Cheikh Anta Diop en 1986 à Paris. Chez ce dernier, il prend conscience de l’importance de l’histoire pour l’éveil de l’Afrique tandis que le premier assure son éducation initiatique. Aussi se décide-t-il de rompre avec le modèle chrétien et découvre, dans la connaissance africaine, un réservoir de savoirs dont l’humanité a à peine tiré quelque enseignement digne d’intérêt.

 ----------------------------------------------

 

 

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Liste des principales langues par pays africain


Algérie Arabe, Berbère            
Angola Kimbundu, Umbundu, Siope
Bénin Fon, Yoruba, Gun, Mina, BA’Atonou,

Dendi, Ditammari et Yom
Botswana Setswana
Burkina Faso Mossi, Dioula, Peul
Burundi Kirundi, Swahili
Cameroun Bassa, Bamoun, Fang, Fulani
Cap Vert Criuolo
RCA Sangho, Arabe, Hausa, Swahili
Tchad Sara, Arabe
Comores Shikomoro
RDC Swahili, Lingala, Ishiluba, et Kikongo
Congo Lingala, Kikongo
Côte d'Ivoire Baoule, Bete, Senoufo, Dioula
Djibouti Arabe, Afar, Somali
Egypte Arabe, Nubian
Guinée Equatoriale Fang, Bubi, Créole
Erythrée Afar, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Arabe, Tobedawi, Saho,
Tigre, Tigrinya
Ethiopie Amharic, Oromigna, Tigrigna
Gabon Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambie Manding, Wolof, Diola, Fulani
Ghana Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Twi, Fanti, Ga, Ewe, Dagbani
Guinée Malinké, Susu, Fulani
Guinée-Bissau Criolo, Fulani, Manding, Pepel, Balante
Kenya Swahili
Lesotho Sesotho; Zulu and Xhosa
Libéria Mende
Libye Arabe
Madagascar Malgache
Malawi Chichewa
Mali Bambara, Songhai, Fulani, Arabe, Senoufo,
Malinke
Mauritanie Hassania, Arabic, Wolof, Soninke, Fulani
Maurice Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori
Maroc Arabe, Berbère
Mozambique Changana, Ndau, Makonde
Namibie Oshivambo, Herero, Nama, Afrikaans
Niger Hausa, Songhai, Arabe, Fulani
Nigeria Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani
Rwanda Kinyarwanda
RASD Hassania, Arabe
São Tomé et Principe Forro
Sénégal Wolof, Fulani,Serer, Diola, Manging, Sarakolé
Seychelles Seselwa
Sierra Leone Mende, Temne, Krio
Somalia Somali, Arabic
Afrique du Sud Xhosa, Zulu, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Sesotho sa
Leboa, Sesotho, Swati, Xitsonga, Setswana,
Tshivenda
Soudan Arabe, Nubien, Dinka, Masaleet Shuluk, Nueer,
Zandi,Fur
Swaziland Swazi
Tanzanie Swahili
Togo Ewé, Mina, Kabyé, Cotocoli
Tunisie Arabe
Ouganda Swahili, Luganda, Ateso, Luo
Zambie Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja,
Tonga
Zimbabwe Ndebele, Shona

Source : Union Africaine